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Immune strategies of phagoctytic cells stimulated in vitro with live and heat-inactivated Streptococcus pyogenes

Agustín César MÖHLINGER, Virginia Paula SIFFREDI, Serenela CHULIBERT, Adriana PONESSA, Rodolfo David NOTARIO, Diana Graciela DLUGOVITZKY

Abstract


Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus) is frequently involved in a wide range of human diseases. Here we evaluated polymorphonuclear neutrophils and mononuclear cells from healthy subjects for their bactericidal function after stimulation with live and inactivated Streptococcus pyogenes (Streptococcus Group A). Mononuclear cells and Neutrophils were isolated from heparinized blood samples (n=18) using a Ficoll-Hypaque gradient and cultured in RPMI 1640 for 18 hours with a suspension of either live or inactivated Streptococcus pyogenes. Both the respiratory burst (flow cytometry) and nitrite, TNF and IL17 production (ELISA) were measured in the cell culture supernatants. An increased respiratory burst (expressed as R index) was induced by both live and inactivated bacteria. Also, increased nitrite, TNF and IL17 concentrations were found in cell culture supernatants in both cases. These findings may provide some explanation as to the roles played by neutrophils and mononuclear cells in Streptococcus pyogenes immunopathogenicity.

Keywords


Respiratory burst, nitrites, TNFa, IL17

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